The Ecological Economists


The orthodox economics is squarely based on the institutions of individualism, economic rationality, private property and exchange (market economy). It is faced with six fundamental questions: (i) will the society organized on the principles of exchange (the market economy) stay composed or will it fall apart (the question of existence of equilibrium)?, (ii) will such an equilibrium be unique (a multiplicity of equilibria poses difficult and embarrassing questions)?, (iii) will such an equilibrium be robust (the question of stability of equilibrium)?, (iv) will such an economy (society) be efficient?, (v) will it grow or expand forever?, and (vi) will it be just? The Classical Economics answered these questions affirmatively and pleaded for the market economy based on the institution of private property and individualism. However, the socialist economists like Karl Marx and János Kornai deny any existence of equilibrium in the economy, and thus have no regard for the subsequent questions. Socialist economists reject private ownership of resources and private management of productive activities. All other economists fall between the two extremes. But all of them are anthropocentric. Thus economics is centered around the human beings only.

Ecological economics is not anthropocentric. It is a transdisciplinary field of academic research that aims to address the interdependence and coevolution of human economies and natural ecosystems over time and space. It is distinguished from environmental economics, which is the mainstream economic analysis of the environment, by its treatment of the economy as a subsystem of the ecosystem and its emphasis upon preserving natural capital. One survey of German economists found that ecological and environmental economics are different schools of economic thought, with ecological economists emphasizing "strong" sustainability and rejecting the proposition that natural capital can be substituted for human-made capital.

Ecological economics was founded in the works of Kenneth E. Boulding, Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen, Herman Daly, Robert Costanza, and others. The related field of green economics is, in general, a more politically applied form of the subject.

The Ecological Economists
Kenneth E. Boulding Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen
Herman Daly Robert Costanza
Karl Polanyi Graciela Chichilnisky

 

 

    E-JOURNAL
Journal of Alternative Economic Analysis

The Journal focuses on the research contributions to various upcoming approaches to analysis of the functioning of real-world economies in different countries. It welcomes original research articles/papers on agent-based computational, evolutionary, old (new) institutional, behavioral, ecological and environmental economics.

    E-BULLETIN
Quarterly Bulletin of the Department

The Department publishes a quarterly bulletin to publicize the research output of high quality emanating from the research work/activities of its faculty members and research scholars.
ONGOING RESEARCH
Current Research Work in the Department

A number of research topics, especially on the economy of the upland areas, are currently being investigated in the Department.
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